Histomorphometric Effects of Smokeless Tobacco on Submandibular Gland in Albino Rat

  • Sana Javed Assistant Professor, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Seema Naz Soomro Associate Professor, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Parveen Khalid Associate Professor, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Naveed Ahmed Memon Lecturer, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Noorul ane Mughal Lecturer, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
  • Aqsa Ali Shah Lecturer, Oral Biology Department Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro Pakistan
Keywords: Smokeless tobacco, Submandibular gland, Albino rats

Abstract

Background: Use of the smokeless tobacco is a major public health problem. Oral mucosal hyper keratinization occurs due to smokeless form of tobacco. Objective: To determine the Submandibular Gland injuries induced by smokeless tobacco in Albino Rat. Study Design: Experimental study. Settings: Department of Oral biology, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro-Pakistan. Duration: From November 1, 2015 to April 30, 2016. Methodology: Aalbano healthy rats were used to observe smokeless tobacco effects on submandibular glands. After initial weight record, rats were placed in three groups (A, B, C); Group-A (control group), group-B and group-C were fed with tobacco; non-smokeless, smokeless 5%, and smokeless 10%, respectively. During experiment, weight gain was recorded weekly and sub-mandibular gland weight was measured at the end of the trial. T-test was applied to analyze the data. H & E stain and reticulin stain were used to observed structural integrity of submandibular gland. All the data was recorded in the self-made proforma. Results: Overall body weight and submandibular weight were decreased in B and C groups as compared to control group. In group A, seromucinous acini was seen in parenchymal tissue, cuboidal epithelium showed duct line and red blood cells distended vessels. Stromal changes, narrow duct lumen and reasonable damage in parenchymal tissue with atrophy were detected in group B. Stromal tissues increased and atrophy of acini were observed in H and E stain during histological study. Further, as compared to control groups, in group B and C under reticulin stain and stromal tissues were enlarged with pragmatic vascular collapse. Conclusion: This study revealed abnormal histological changes in submandibular gland of albino female rats by oral use of smokeless tobacco.

Published
2020-03-31