Does Written Informed Consent Comprehensively Inform Surgical Patients and is This Effective in Patient’s Decision-Making?
Background: Informed consent (IC) is first fundamental principal step in health care helps patients to be conscious of consequences of their treatment decisions. The importance of obtaining a valid inform consent before any procedure well established with surgery and it is an important aspect of doctor patient relationship. Objective: To assess outcome of different management strategies in women presenting with primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). Study Design: Observational, prospective. Settings: General surgery department of Pakistan Institute of medical Sciences Hospital Islamabad Pakistan. Duration: Five months from March 2019 to July 2019. Methodology: All the patients were asked a set of standard questions, which related to the information they had provided before the operation as a part of standard informed consent practice. The surgeons had taken all the interviews with privacy and confidentiality after postoperatively at the earliest time the patient is comfortable to do so. The questions were asked in the simple languages, which were understandable to patients, so that patients could easily understand and respond to the same. The questionnaire sought information risks/benefits associated with a surgical procedure, alternate treatment options, whether providing additional detailed verbal and/or written information improved their understanding. All the information was recorded via study proforma. Results: Total 183 patients were interviewed post-operatively regarding inform consent and most of them 42.1% were between age 18-40 years. Males were 58.5% and females were 41.5%. Almost all cases had received informed consent, while some said they received just before the surgeries. There were some controversial answers regarding question of oral information influence the decision to proceed to the surgical procedure. Almost all patient had answered that they were informed regarding their conditions, surgical and anesthetic complications prior the surgery. Only 7.7% patient said that the time was not given for the questions and 10.4% patient were unsatisfied regarding informed consent, while the most of the cases were satisfied. Conclusion: In the study observation mostly, patients were satisfied and because mostly surgical consent element is generally understood, but some remained controversial and should consider its importance, beyond risks of the procedures, as well as acceptability and feasibility of intervention to surgical team and patients. Written information has not provided patients with adequate decision-making tools for imminent health matters, so pre-operative oral information also needed to adequate decision-making.