First Presentation of Breast Cancer in Patients Presenting to Health Care Facilities of Bahawalpur

  • Asima Luqman Senior Registrar, Oncology Civil Hospital, Bahawalpur Pakistan
  • Asiya Shabbir Assistant Professor, Surgery Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sajid Senior Registrar, Surgery Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur Pakistan
  • Shahid Hussain Assistant Professor, Surgery Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur Pakistan
  • Hafiz Muhammad Usman Ali Rizvi Senior Registrar, Surgery Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur Pakistan
  • Summaira Hassan Assistant Professor, Community Medicine Quaid-e-Azam Medical College Bahawalpur Pakistan
Keywords: First presentation, Breast CA, Early diagnosis, Cancer staging

Abstract

Background: There is an increased incidence of breast tumors worldwide. It is the second leading cause of death and disability related to cancer among females. High case fatality rates seen in resource-limited countries is due to a lack of awareness of the screening in the general population and inadequate facilities for early detection and poor access to health care facilities for treatment. Objective: The objective of our study was to determine the frequencies of different types and stage breast cancer at first presentation of the patients to a health care facility. Study Design: Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study. Settings: Study was conducted in two Government hospitals, Bahawal Victoria and Civil Hospital of Bahawalpur Pakistan. Duration: Six months (Jan 1, to June 30, 2019). Methodology: Total of 95 patients presented with breast cancer to the respective hospitals. After taking informed verbal consent from the patients the questions regarding their personal biodata were asked from them. Examination and surgical details were taken from their medical chart records. The data was analyzed with SPSS. Results: The mean age of the parents was 49.5(+11.6 SD) years. TNM staging of the patients showed that most of the patients were already in stage III (49.4%) of breast cancer. Infiltrative ductal carcinoma was the most frequently occurring cancer,66 (69.4%). Conclusion: Education about breast cancer awareness to female population could be helpful in early detection of cancer.

Published
2020-03-31